Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian citizen to get into space in 1984. He is one of the people who endorsed the proposal for an Indian Manned Mission in 2006. But eleventh five year plan might have summoned only for Chandrayaan-I, Mars Mission (MOM) and GSLV with cryogenic engine.
K. Radhkrishnan (Present chairman of ISRO) said that India will not undertake Manned Mission before the year 2017, but for pre-studies and critical technologies development, Indian government released fund of INR950 million (around 100 crore).The major objective of this India’s Manned Mission is to develop a fully autonomous Orbital vehicle to carry two crew members and of around 3 tons of payload into Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and to also have a safe return to the earth.
The Orbital Vehicle is going to be launched by using GSLV Mk-II launcher, the one with cryogenic engine. The launcher GSLV Mk-II got success launch in its third turn recently last year. It showed its performance equal to its ideal conditions.
ORBITAL VEHICLE CAPSULE:
Spring of 2009, full scale mock-up of crew capsule of Orbital Vehicle was delivered to Satish Dawan Space Center by Aerospace Division, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bangalore.
ISRO plans to construct a new launch pad for that launch. That will be third launch pad at Satish Dawan Space Center. Centrifuges are going to be built for astronauts training on high gravity acceleration which occurs when vehicle lifts off.
Accord this; G.Madhavan Nair (former Chairman of ISRO) before said that, astronaut training will be in two sectors. One for astronaut physical training and another one for medical examinations. For the first one, India plans to open a center, for astronaut training; 140 acres of green field beyond Bengaluru near international airport. In it, rescues recovery operations, study of radiation environment for long journey in space through water simulation experiments will be placed for astronaut training. Then the Aviation Medical Center will be favorable for medical examinations.
ASTRONAUT SELECTION FOR MANNED MISSION:
To schedule a manned mission to out of atmosphere, personnel should be skilled and expertize in handling critical situation. To prepare the personnel for both first and future manned missions, India will shortlist 200 IAF fighter pilots. Training and crew selection assistance will be given by Russia; agreement has been signed between two countries on March 2008. The selection procedure involves, the candidates have to solve NASA questionnaire, after physical examinations and then after several tests in Aviation Medical Center. The physical examinations include cardiac, dental, neurological, ophthalmologic, psychological, radiographic and ENT. Only 4 out of 200 candidates will be selected for final but after the approval of the Indian government, they are allowed to undergo the experiments for astronaut training. In that finalized 4, 2 will be flying and remaining 2 will act as a reserve.